Natures resources are theoretically unlimited - IF they are replenished as they are harvested.
Further since the human species is not "natural" - we are over-populating the planet at the same time we are escalating consumption of nature without any replenishment.
The result? The ocean is becoming a toilet for our wastes. Our atmosphere's composition is changing. Natural resources are being wasted and destroyed forever at an alarming pace.
The endangered species list should have humans right at the top - numero uno.
The answer is simple - humans must replenish what is taken from nature.
Also self-awareness has to be extended to how much population nature can support.
Greed, avarice and waste must be eliminated.
The system as it exists today only allows for the transfer of natures resources from the many to the few.
Third world countries are a prime example of the effects. Natural resources and inexpensive labor are transferred to developed nations by undeveloped nations - an infinitesimal number of humans (dictators, corrupt governments) benefit from these transaction on the undeveloped side and a relatively small number of humans reap huge benefits on the developed side.
That is the way it is.
The concepts of a free economy and supply and demand are manipulated by economic theory which is flawed.
Of course if humans artificially set the parameters within which we will supply and demand - in order to make a profit demand must exceed supply.
To do this a few things have been contrived by we humans aka economists. One is acceptance of the disproportionate "ownership" of natural resources. Once we all reject OUR conventional wisdom and accept the fact that all humans are entitled to a share of natures bounty - we would focus on supply not demand.
Demand is simple to understand. In it's purest most benign form - it is need. All humans need food, shelter, water clothing.
Beyond the bare necessities there is knowledge.
So on a properly managed planet - the economic system would be universal in scope and concentrated on satisfying all basic needs. The next priority would be knowledge. And the third priority would be to seek other planets to avoid population controls.
It is quite simply the only intelligent course of action we humans can take to insure the survival of earth and ourselves.
At this point we are moving towards a robot controlled planet with a few humans in charge.
The robots will exist for the benefit of the few humans in control who will use them to reduce the human population and restore nature's balance. You can control the manufacture of a robot -robots can build robots - but you can't control the manufacture of a human and a "super-human" can only manipulate and suppress ordinary humans to do their bidding.